Borgagne: where it is, how to get there, what to see [2024]

Among the gentle countryside of Lecce, an authentic jewel is hidden: Borgagne, one of the Authentic villages of ‘Italy. This enchanting corner of Puglia, with its narrow cobbled streets and picturesque house facades, embodies the timeless charm of the villages ancient. Borgagne is, in fact, a hidden treasure that reveals the richness of local culture and history, offering visitors an unforgettable journey through the past and tradition. In this article, we will explore the beauties of Borgagne, revealing its best kept secrets and discovering why this village is an unmissable stop for those who wish to immerse themselves in the true essence of Salento.

Wikipedia photo

History

The origins of Borgagne date back to the14th century, when it was founded by the Basilian monks, who were fleeing from the persecutions of the Isaurian Emperor Leo III.

The Basilians built some crypts, today visible on the Caliani hill, and a first inhabited center arose around these small places of prayer.

In the Middle Ages, Borgagne changed hands among several noble families, including the Stendardo, the De Iserio and the Petraroli. It was the latter family who had the original nucleus of the castle of Borgagne built in 1497, to defend the town from the incursions of the Turks.

In 1616, the “State of Borgagne”, which also included the hamlet of Pasulo and the fiefdom of San Salvatore, was purchased by the Spinola family.

In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Borgagne remained in a certain immobility. The population was mainly made up of farmers, and the town was at the center of a large citizen mobilization for a bad redistribution of state lands.

In 1860, a new square was built in front of the Mother Church on an underground crypt from the Byzantine period.

During the fascist period, the surrounding marshes were reclaimed, and since then the town has seen strong regrowth, especially after the 1960s.

Where is Borgagne located?

Borgagne, an authentic village, is located in the heart of Salento, in the province of Lecce. Its strategic position places it a short distance from important historical centers in the area. Lecce, renowned for its Baroque architecture, is nearby, offering a fascinating cultural context. The distance between Borgagne and Lecce is easily traversable, allowing visitors to explore the beauty of the city and immerse themselves in its rich artistic history. Furthermore, Borgagne is a few kilometers from another wonderful pearl of Salento, Otranto, overlooking the Adriatic Sea. For this reason, Borgagne is an ideal starting point for exploring the cultural and natural wonders of the Salento region.

  • Borgagne – Lecce distance: 26 km
  • Borgagne – Otranto distance: 22 km

How to get to Borgagne?

The best way to reach Borgagne is by own car or we recommend to rent one, as connections are not always guaranteed. However, there are several options to get to Borgagne:

  • By car: if you travel from the north, toget to Borgagne by car you need to take the A14 motorway to Bari, continue on the highway towards Brindisi and continue towards Lecce. From there, follow the signs for the SS16 Adriatica towards Otranto. After approximately 20 kilometres, take the exit for Borgagne.
  • By bus: From Lecce, it is possible to take the bus for the Lecce – Melendugno – Borgagne route of < /span>FSE or if you travel in summer you can check the timetables of Salento by Bus.< /li>
  • By train: The nearest train station to Borgagne< span style="font-weight: 400;"> is that of Lecce. From there, you can take a taxi, rent a car or take a bus to reach the town.
  • By plane: Thenearest airport to Borgagne is Brindisi< /b>, about 80 kilometers away. From the airport, you can rent a car for greater travel flexibility, or take the train, taxi or bus and continue as mentioned above.

How far is Borgagne from the sea?

Borgagne is located a few kilometers from the Adriatic coast, the closest sea is that of Sant’Andrea, only about 8 km away. Among the most beautiful beaches in Salento near the village of Borgagne there are: Torre dell’Orso at 12 km, Roca at 15 km, San Foca at 13 km, Alimini at 8 km and Otranto at 22 km.

What are the inhabitants of Borgagne called?

The inhabitants of Borgagne are called Borgagnesi. In Salento dialect, however, they are called ‘ngracalati, which is an onomatopoeic term that recalls the croaking of frogs, which are very present in the countryside around the town.

What to see in Borgagne?

Are you looking for advice onwhat to see in Borgagne? Here are our suggestions for exploring the small village of Salento steeped in history and culture:

Church of the Presentation of the Lord

The Church of the Presentation of the Lord reveals its sixteenth-century majesty with a apse part dating back to 1584 and a Neretino portal from 1611. The interior, with a single nave, four altars and paintings of notable artistic value, has recently been restored, bringing to light its ancient splendors.

borgagne
Foto di Wikipedia

Church of the Madonna del Carmine

The Church of the Madonna del Carmine, built in 1619, enchants with its simple facade and interior which perfectly embodies the spirit of Salento Baroque. The main altar from 1658, with the statues of Sant’Agata and Santa Lucia, creates an atmosphere of devotion and art.

Semi underground oil mill “Sciurti”

Borgagne boasts a unique historical heritage, including the Sciurti semi-underground oil mill, part of a structure dating back to the 16th century. This oil mill consists of a building on the first floor with evident remains of fortified elements. In the main room, five hydraulic presses and an engine are flanked by a tank for storing oil, a central well for collecting milling waste and a tank dedicated to the milling itself.

what to see borgagne
Wikipedia photo

Courtyard houses 

The characteristic “courtyard houses” of Borgagne, dating back at least to 16th century, they are buildings composed of at least two residential units overlooking a central courtyard, which represented the fulcrum of the daily and working activities of peasant families. Even today, the sixteenth-century “tower houses” are present, and one of them has been recently restored, with a corner column, remains of fortified elements and a crowning with hanging arches of considerable decorative value.

borgagne case a corte
Foto di Wikipedia
borgagne case torre
Foto di Wikipedia

Farms

In the 16th century, with agriculture and pastoralism predominant in Borgagne, farms began to develop, some of which were towers or fortified, with the tower building as a reference point for company activities and above all as a defense tool. Le masserie Nuova, Sbotta and Porcaccini are significant examples of this defensive system, which protected a territory crossed by an important road axis that led to Otranto, passing through Roca Nuova.

Borgagne Castle

The historic center of Borgagne is embellished by the presence of the Petraroli Castle, built in 1497 by Belisario Petraroli and completed in 1531. This square-plan castle develops on two floors around an internal courtyard and is surrounded by a vast garden which occupies the space originally intended for a moat.

Borgagne olive tree

Borgagne houses one of the oldest olive trees in Italy, perhaps even the oldest. Framed by other monumental plants, this majestic tree is striking for its beauty of the trunk’s features and the rich symbolism it contains. The olive tree contributes to the production of the Dop Terra d’Otranto extra virgin olive oil. This exceptional example of longevity, the result of the work of the Basilian monks dedicated to the cultivation of olive trees, compares with other centuries-old trees in Salento, such as theUlivo Titano in Felline, theQuercia Vallonea in Tricase and theOgliarola Leccese “The Queen” in Vernole.

Where to eat in Borgagne?

This little jewel offers not only an authentic and welcoming atmosphere, but also a wide culinary offering that reflects the Salento gastronomic tradition . Here are our tips on where to eat in Borgagne:

  • Unico Home Restaurant
  • Rosti Pizza Peccati di gola
  • BIG MAMA
  • Mamba grill and sound
  • Panini Famosi

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Team HDSalento

Articles by the HDSalento team

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